• Culture and Society of Nepal

    Culture  and Society of Nepal

    The culture of Nepal is rich and unique. The cultural heritage of Nepal has evolved over the centuries. This multi-dimensional heritage encompasses the diversities of Nepal’s ethnic, tribal, and social groups, and it manifests in music and dance; art and craft; folklore and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebration; foods and drinks.

    Dance and music

    Legends state that dances in the Indian subcontinent originated in the abode of Lord Shiva — the Himalayas and the Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal — where he performed the tandava dance. This indicates that dance traditions of Nepal are very ancient.

    With altitudes and ethnicity, the dances of Nepal slightly change in style as well as in the costumes. The Dishka, a dance performed at weddings, includes intricate footwork and arm movements. Accompanying music and musical instruments change in tune with the themes, which revolve around topics like harvesting of crops, marriage rites, war stories, a lonely girl’s yearning for her love, and several other themes and stories from everyday life in the villages.

    Languages and literature

    As per the 2011 census, 123 languages are spoken in Nepal. Nepal’s linguistic heritage has evolved from three major language groups: Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, and indigenous. The major languages of Nepal (percent spoken as mother tongue) are Nepali (44.6%), Maithili (11.7%), Bhojpuri (6%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Nepal Bhasa (3.2%), Magar (3%) and Bajjika (3%).

    Nepali, written in Devanagari script, is the official national language and serves as lingua franca among Nepalese ethno-linguistic groups. Maithili language that was originated in Mithila region of Nepal is the de facto official language of Nepal and Madhesh as a whole. Maithili is spoken in Nepal as a second language. Extinct languages of Nepal include Kusunda, Madhesiya and Waling.

    Religions and philosophy

    The 2001 census identified 80.6% of the population being Hindu. Buddhism was practiced by about 11% of the population (although many people labelled Hindu or Buddhist often practice a syncretic blend of Hinduism, Buddhism, and/or animist traditions). About 3.2% practice Islam and 3.6% of the population follows the indigenous Kirant religion. Christianity is practiced officially by less than 0.5%.

    Hindu and Buddhist traditions in Nepal go back more than two millennia. In Lumbini, Buddha was born, and Pashupatinath temple, Kathmandu, is an old and famous Shiva temple of Hindus. Nepal has several other temples and Buddhist monasteries, as well as places of worship of other religious groups. Traditionally, Nepalese philosophical thoughts are ingrained with the Hindu and Buddhist philosophical ethos and traditions, which include elements of Kashmir Shaivism, Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism, works of Karmacharyas of Bhaktapur, and tantric traditions. Tantric traditions are deep rooted in Nepal, including the practice of animal sacrifices. Five types of animals, always male, are considered acceptable for sacrifice: water buffalo, goats, sheep, chickens, and ducks. Cows are very sacred animals and are never considered acceptable for sacrifice.

    Festivals and celebrations

    Several of the festivals of Nepal last from one to several days. Dashain is the longest and the most important festival of Nepal. Generally Dashain falls in late September to mid-October, right after the end of the monsoon season. It is “a day of Victory over Demons”. The Newars celebrate the festival as Mohani. Tihar or Swanti and Chhath are another important festivals of Nepal. New Year’s Day of the lunar calendar Nepal Sambat occurs at this time.

    Other important festivals include Buddha Jayanti (the celebration of the birth of Buddha)Maha Shivaratri (a festival of Lord Shiva) and during Maha Shivaratri festivities, some people consume excessive drinks and smoke charas.Sherpas, mostly located at higher altitudes and in the Mount Everest region, celebrate Mani Rimdu, for the good of the world.

    Most festivals include dancing and music, and a variety of foods are consumed during festivals and on special occasions.

    The Sagan ceremony is the ritualized presentation of five food items (boiled egg, smoked fish, meat, lentil cake and rice wine) to a person which is done to bring good fortune as per Tantric tradition.

    Architecture and archeology

    Nepal Sumpada Sangha (Nepal Heritage Society) has compiled an inventory of 1,262 significant architectural and archeological sites in Nepal outside Kathmandu Valley.  Courtesy : Ministry of Foreign Affairs / Nepal

    Photo: NTB

     

    • News -in- Brief

      NepalTourNews—-

      10 climbers died this season on Mt. Everest

      A total of 10 climbers have died this season on the world’s highest peak – Mt. Everest. A British climber Robin Haynes Fisher, 44, reached the summit on May 25, but collapsed and died only 150m down from the peak. Climber Kevin Hynes, 56, from Ireland died on May 24 on the northern Tibet side. Other deaths from this week include four from India, one person from Nepal, an Irish, an Austrian and an American.

      The Everest summit is too crowded this year. Nepal is facing scrutiny for issuing a record 381 permits, at $11,000 each, for this year’s Spring season. Rising numbers of people climbing and dying on Everest has led for calls for permits to be limited. The number of people climbing Everest in 2019 could exceed last year’s record of 807 people reaching the summit, according to BBC.

      NATO condemns all forms of violence

      The Nepal Association of Tour Operators has condemned all forms of violence and expressed concerns about the incidents of explosion by a splinter group of the Nepal Communist Party recently.

      NATO has urged all political players to find a common ground through negotiations and other peaceful means to address their grievances.

      “ In light of the Visit Nepal Year 2020 and the Government of Nepal’s stated objective of hosting 2 million visitors that year , NATO calls on the Government of Nepal and its agencies to ensure a violence free atmosphere in which tourists can visit and enjoy the beauty of Nepal.”

      NATO is a non-governmental, non-profit making and non-political organization dedicated and committed to promoting in-bound quality tourism, and developing new and exciting tourism products.

      HAN elects new executive body

      Kathmandu : The 46th annual general meeting of Hotel Association Nepal (HAN) has unanimously elected its new executive committee under the leadership of Shreejana Rana. Rana, the Executive Director of Hotel Annapurna. has become the first woman President of HAN. Likewise, Binayak Shah, Prabin Bahadur Pandey , Sajan Shakya and Vishal Kumar have been elected as Ist vice-president , 2nd vice-president , secretary and treasurer respectively.

      The members in the new executive committee are - Amar Man Shakya (Immediate Past President), Dinesh Bahadur Bist, Bidhata Shrestha, Dinesh Tuladhar, Binod Shanker Shrestha, Biplav Poudel, Gopal Rana, Tseten Tsatultsang, Ram Kumar Puri, Yubaraj Shrestha, Thakur Prasad Pokharel, Rajendra Bhatta, Gyandra Kumar Bist, Rajan Sbrestha, Rahul Shalcya, Hem Bahadur Gurung, CP Shrestha, Asit Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana, Rahul Choudary and Bhataraj Parajuli.

      Tourist arrival up in Bhaktapur 

      Bhaktapur: A total of 253,863 tourists visited the ancient town Bhaktapur in 2075 BS. The number of tourists coming to observe the historic heritages within the municipality has increased by 34,834 in 2075 BS as compared to the previous year. A total 219,029 tourists including 93,530 from SAARC countries and China, and 125,499 from other countries visited Bhaktapur in 2074 BS while 253,863 tourists including 115,906 from SAARC countries and China, and 137,957 tourists from other countries visited the ancient town in 2075 BS, the Bhaktapur municipality’s Tourism Information Centre stated.

      In 2075 BS, the municipality collected revenue of Rs 265 million in terms of tourist entry fees. The municipality charges Rs 500 per person to tourists from SAARC countries and China, and Rs 1,500 per person to visitors from other countries as tourism fee.

      MoCTCA formed a taskforce to investigate trekking irregularities

      The Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation ( MoCTCA ) has formed a taskforce to investigate into the claims for insurance based on fake documents about the emergency rescue of trekkers from high altitudes. The 5- member task force has been given the deadline of June 25 to carry out the investigation into fake documents of trekkers. Some of the trekking agencies, helicopter companies and hospitals are said to be involved in cheating the trekkers making them ill during their trek to different parts of the country.

       

       

       

      Reasons to Visit Nepal

      Plan Your Trip Now !

      Enjoy your vacations in Nepal
      Get Itinerary suggestions from
      Nepaltournews.com

      Beautiful China : Year of Integrated Tourism 2018